Türk Nöroşirürji Dergisi 2015 , Vol 25 , Num 2
Radiological Evaluation of Craniovertebral Junction Anomalies
Yavuz ARAS, Tuğrul Cem ÜNAL
İstanbul Üniversitesi, İstanbul Tıp Fakültesi, Nöroşirürji Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul The craniovertebral junction (CVJ) consists of the occipital bone, clivus, atlas, axis, and the atlantooccipital, atlantoaxial articulations and ligaments. CVJ provides head movement, stability and protection of adjacent neural structures. Various diseases and disorders are known to affect the CVJ. Congenital and developmental malformations, genetic anomalies, degenerative diseases, infections and neoplasms may involve the CVJ, disrupting its functions and giving rise to clinical manifestations. A classification can be made according to the cause of CVJ involvement. Understanding anatomical and radiological features of the region is crucial for evaluating the structure and anomalies. Anahtar Kelimeler : Craniovertebral junction, Radiological investigation, Upper cervical spine