Türk Nöroşirürji Dergisi 2020 , Vol 30 , Num 2
Brain Immunology and Neuroinflammation in Head Trauma
Furkan DİREN1,Erdinç CİVELEK2,Serdar KABATAŞ2
1Marmara Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Pediatrik Alerji ve İmmünoloji Bölümü, İstanbul, Türkiye
2Sağlık Bilimleri Üniversitesi, Gaziosmanpaşa Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Beyin ve Sinir Cerrahisi Kliniği, İstanbul, Türkiye
While the central nervous system has been thought to be a structure with limited communication with the immune system for many years, a number of studies in the last 10 years have proven that this is not entirely correct. Defining two different and communicating lymphatic systems, which we did not even know existed in the brain, has been a revolutionary development in changing our knowledge. The gaps in how a number of molecules are transported and how they relate to the immune system are now being filled. Important information has been shared on the explanation of immunological mechanisms in traumatic brain injury (TBI), whose course and outcomes are very variable, with neuroimmunology studies conducted on TBI models in the literature. Information on neuroimmunology and its behavior in trauma will be discussed together with the current literature in this article. Anahtar Kelimeler : Neuroimmunity, Lymphatic system, Deep cervical lymph nodes, Traumatic brain injury