Türk Nöroşirürji Dergisi 2021 , Vol 31 , Num 2
The Etiopathogenesis and Classification of Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas
Turan KANDEMİR1,Hasan EmreAYDIN2,Zeki Serdar ATAİZİ1
1Eskişehir Yunus Emre Devlet Hastanesi, Beyin ve Sinir Cerrahisi Kliniği, Eskişehir, Türkiye
2Eskişehir Şehir Hastanesi, Beyin ve Sinir Cerrahisi Kliniği, Eskişehir, Türkiye
Dural arteriovenous fistulas are vascular abnormalities in which an arteriovenous connection is contained within the leaflets of the dura mater. Their detection rate in adults is 0.16 per 100,000 per year. There is no consensus on the etiology. The etiopathogenesis includes sinus thrombosis, head trauma, intracranial infections, tumors, previous craniotomy, and hypercoagulopathies. In some patients, a cavernoma, cerebral arteriovenous malformations, maxillofacial arteriovenous malformations, hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, or intradural or extradural arterial aneurysms may accompany the dural arteriovenous fistula. Dural arteriovenous fistulas in children are usually congenital. Venous drainage structuring in dural arteriovenous fistulas forms the basis of the Borden and Cognard classification system. There is also the DES (directness and exclusivity of leptomeningeal venous drainage and signs of venous strain) classification by Baltsavias et al. The aim of this article was to review the etiopathogenesis and classification of dural arteriovenous fistulas. Anahtar Kelimeler : Dural arteriovenous fistulas, Etiopathogenesis, Classification