Türk Nöroşirürji Dergisi 2011 , Vol 21 , Num 3
The Epidemiological Investigation of 1114 Emergency Room Head Trauma Patients
Erdal Reşit YILMAZ1, Aşkın Esen HASTÜRK2, Gökmen KAHİLOĞULLARI3
1S.B. Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Nöroşirürji Bölümü, Ankara, Türkiye
2S.B. Onkoloji Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Nöroşirürji Bölümü, Ankara, Türkiye
3Ankara Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Nöroşirürji Anabilim Dalı, Ankara, Türkiye
AIM: Head trauma represents one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality occurring particularly at young age. This retrospective study was conducted to make an epidemiological assessment of head trauma, which is significant in neurosurgical practice.

MATERIAL and METHODS: The study included 1114 patients with head trauma assessed and treated by the Neurosurgery Department at Siirt State Hospital between 2006 and 2009. The cases were evaluated with respect to age, gender, cause of trauma, Glasgow Coma Score (GCS), rate of surgery, mortality rate, and educational status.

RESULTS: Seventy-seven percent of the 1114 cases presented to the emergency room due to falls from heights, while 8% presented due to domestic accidents. There were 803 males (72%) and 311 (27.9%) females. The review by age group revealed that nearly all the cases of falls and domestic accidents occurred in the pediatric age group. 10.5% of the patients were treated surgically while 27% were put under intensive care monitoring, and 45% were followed up under medical control.

CONCLUSION: Trauma represents a significant issue among the healthcare problems in our country; falls from heights ranks first among the reasons for mortality and presentation to the emergency room. Anahtar Kelimeler : Head trauma, Epidemiology, Analysis