Türk Nöroşirürji Dergisi 2017 , Vol 27 , Num 3
Embryological Development of the Calvarium
1Serbest Hekim, İzmir, Türkiye
2İzmir Büyükşehir Belediyesi Eşrefpaşa Hastanesi, Beyin ve Sinir Cerrahisi Kliniği, İzmir, Türkiye
The calvarium is a complex arrangement of bones that protects the central nervous system and the sense organs (the oral and nasal cavity, the ears and the eyes). The cranium consists of two parts: the neurocranium, a protective case for the brain, cranial nerves and vascular structures, and the viscerocranium that forms the anterior part of the skull with the facial skeleton. The neurocranium can further be divided into two parts as a membranous part consisting of flat bones, and a cartilaginous part (chondrocranium) that forms the skull base. This review provides an overview of the embryological development of the cranium in humans, to enable a better understanding of calvarial pathologies. Anahtar Kelimeler : Embryological development, Calvarium, Neurocranium, Viscerocranium