Türk Nöroşirürji Dergisi 2020 , Vol 30 , Num 1
Cranial and Cervical General Anatomy and Anatomical Landmarks
Kadri Emre ÇALIŞKAN1,Görkem YAVAŞ1
1Ege Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Beyin ve Sinir Cerrahisi Anabilim Dalı, İzmir, Türkiye Human interest in the brain goes back to ancient times, and information on general and superficial brain anatomy is based on recent history. In the 19th century, the anatomical organization of the cerebral sulci and gyri was introduced for the first time.

The fissures and sulci in the superficial anatomy of the brain are extensions of the subarachnoid space and contains neural tissues called gyri. The smaller gyri are called transverse gyri and the distribution and anatomy of these gyri can vary from person to person. Variations of the sulci and gyri make it difficult to study the anatomy of the brain, but these structures show specific functions and configurations. Landmarks are adjacent to important cortical structures and provide important information for the surgical approach and planning. By using these landmarks, the mortality and morbidity of surgical treatment can be reduced and the brain parenchyma can be protected with more minimal approaches. Although there may be variations in vascular and cortical anatomy, knowing the relationship between these landmarks and cortical structures provides information about vital structures and facilitates the surgical approach.

In this article, important points of the cranial and cervical general anatomy are summarized systematically and the importance of craniometric points is defined. Anahtar Kelimeler : Anatomy, Cranial, Craniometry, Cervical, Sulcus