Türk Nöroşirürji Dergisi 2022 , Vol 32 , Num 3
Cervical Spinal Biomechanics
Ahmet Levent AYDIN1,Caner GÜNERBÜYÜK2,Mehmet Yiğit AKGÜN1,Önder ÇEREZCI3,Tunç ÖKTENOĞLU1
1Koç Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Nöroşirürji Ana Bilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
2Koç Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Ortopedi ve Travmatoloji Ana Bilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
3Amerikan Hastanesi, Fizik Tedavi ve Rehabilitasyon Bölümü, İstanbul, Türkiye
The cervical region of the spine is more flexible than other spinal regions. It consists of two functional units, the craniocervical block and the mid-lower region. These two units are different in terms of biomechanics and structure. The atlantoaxial region represents a unique integration of anatomy and function and allows three-dimensional movement of the head with both individual and combined movements. The mid-lower cervical vertebra consists of the level from the C2-3 intervertebral segments to the C7-T1 segments. The motion of the cervical vertebrae is realized through joints in each segment, including a pair of zygapophyseal, uncovertebral, and disc joints. Many biomechanical and clinical studies have been performed to evaluate the stability of subaxial cervical vertebrae. Clinical studies have shown that resection of these cervical ligamentous and muscular stabilizers causes instability in children and adults. Anahtar Kelimeler : Biomechanics, Cervical, Spine, Vertebrae