Türk Nöroşirürji Dergisi 2023 , Vol 33 , Num 1
Infectious Diseases of Central Nervous System in Childhood and Differences from Adults
Mustafa SAKAR1,Serdar Nuri BAŞ2,Adnan DAĞÇINAR1
1Marmara Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Beyin ve Sinir Cerrahisi Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
2Sağlık Bilimleri Üniversitesi, Bağcılar Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Beyin ve Sinir Cerrahisi Kliniği, İstanbul, Türkiye
In this manuscript, the differences between children and adults regarding the common surgical infectious diseases of the central nervous system and its protective structures are discussed. The principle paths or mechanisms that microorganisms use to reach the central nervous system do not differ between pediatric patients and adults. However, certain types of infectious diseases and the clinical picture that is caused by certain types of pathogens may show significant differences. While hematogenous and contagious spread forms the basis for pathogens to reach the central nervous system, conditions that serve to provide direct communication between the central nervous system and extradural area are other common causes. The current discussion is organized under the titles of subdural empyema, infections of venous sinuses, tuberculous meningitis and tuberculous osteomyelitis, brain abscesses, hydatid cyst, and other infectious diseases of the spine. Anahtar Kelimeler : Adult, Central nervous system, Child, Infection