Türk Nöroşirürji Dergisi 2010 , Vol 20 , Num 1
Experience in Cranioplasty Operations: Short Review
İlker SOLMAZ, Bülent ÖNAL, Erdinç CİVELEK, Serhat PUSAT, Atilla KIRCELLİ, Halil İbrahim SEÇER, Yusuf İZCİ, Engin GÖNÜL
Gülhane Askeri Tıp Akademisi, Nöroşirürji Bölümü, Ankara, Türkiye Cranioplasty operations are usually performed for cosmetic reasons or protection of neural tissue. This procedure is not just an anatomical reconstruction. Cranioplasty also provides neurological improvement and positive effect on regulation of blood circulation and metabolism of brain. Like autografts, allografts, xenografts and some bone products, many materials can be used for this purpose. Most favorable material is polymethylmetacrylate especially when otogen bone is not present. Sometimes, otogen bone is not preferred because of high resorbtion and infection rates and problems in preservation of the material. There are some advantages and disadvantages for each bone material. The subject of most suitable cranioplasty material is still controversial. In this retrospective study between 2004-2007, 50 cases which are operated by using polymethylmetacrylate or polyethylene were evaluated with parameters of patient age, operation time, infection and smoking habits. And, the results were discussed with short review of the literature. Anahtar Kelimeler : Cranioplasty, Head trauma, Decompressive craniectomy